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Rabu, 20 Ogos 2014

Ayat keliru dalam English


Dalam sehari-hari kadangkala kena juga tulis dalam english ni. Ada sesetengah perkataan tu sama ejaan tetapi berbeza penggunaan.Kadang-kadang kita sendiri keliru dengan ayat yang kita gunakan. Jum belajar serba sedikit..

kamus english amerika,kamus,kamus english terbaik



every day versus everyday
The adverb “every day” is two words.
--Please check your messages every day.

The adjective “everyday” is one word.
--Checking messages is an important everyday task.

affect, effect
The verb “affect” means to influence.
--Higher costs will affect competitiveness.

The noun “effect” means result.
--The effect of higher costs is pricier products.

“Accept” means to receive or agree with something. “Except,” however, means to exclude.
Consumers are accepting higher prices for products with added value.
These two words are not true synonyms. Use “fewer” for countable items and “less” for bulk or percent.

fewer versus less
COUNTABLE
Strive to make fewer than five mistakes.

BULK
The container is less than half full.
PERCENT
The smallest supplier has a market share of less than 5 percent.

historic, historical
Both historic and historical take “a” not “an.”

Historic is something important in history:
--The American Civil War was a historic event.

Historical simply refers to something in the past:
--The unicycle is a historical device.

inconvenience, inconvenient
YES
We apologize for the inconvenience.
NO
Sorry for inconvenient.

each other versus one another
Each other goes with two items:
--The two people like each other.

One another goes with more than two items:
--The three managers will compare strategies with one another.
accept, except
 Accept” means to receive or agree with something. “Except,” however, means to exclude.

Consumers are accepting higher prices for products with added value.


 advice versus advise

Advice (noun) is the action recommended.
--Your advice would be greatly appreciated.
--Your advice on the best plan to pursue would be greatly appreciated.
--Please give me your advice on what to do?
--Your advice was very helpful.
--Thank you for your helpful advice.
--Thank you for your excellent advice.

The word is collective not countable, so no "s."
YES
Thank you for all of your advice.
NO
Thank you for the three advices

The verb advise means to give someone advice or recommendations.
--Please advise me on what to do?
all right not alright
Always two words as shown. Never “alright.”

among, between
“Between” is used for two items. Use “among” for three or more items.

2 items
The project is a joint venture between ABC Inc. and XYZ Corp.

3 items
Environmental protection is a growing concern among suppliers, buyers and governments.
Ms. versus Miss and Mrs.
 “Miss” is an unmarried woman and “Mrs.” is a married woman. But in your business correspondence, especially if you do not know the person, for a woman it is preferred to write “Ms.” before the name.

Dear Ms. Smith:
Dear Ms. Smith,

Put a space between Ms. or Mr. and the name.
YES
Ms. Smith
Mr. Johnson

NO
Ms.Smith
Mr.Johnson

 When a month is listed with a year but the day (date) is not given, spell out the month. Do not abbreviate months when used with only a year.

months with years
YES
I went to Japan in February2013.
NO
I went to Japan in Feb. 2013.

But when the date is also listed together with a month and the year, then abbreviate the month.
YES
I went to Japan on Feb. 20, 2013.

New Year’s versus new year
New Year’s (uppercase, with apostrophe: refers to the first day of the year, the actual holiday)
I will stay home on New Year’s?

New Year’s Day
New Year’s Eve
I do not have to work on New Year’s Day.

a New Year’s party
Do you plan to attend a New Year’s party?

a New Year’s resolution
Have you made any New Year’s resolutions?

the new year (lowercase, general reference to the year ahead)
The company will launch innovative products in the new year.
referent referee referral
Here are the meanings of these words:

the referent: the person who recommended the candidate
the referee: the person to whom the candidate was referred
the referral: the candidate

staff not staffs
The word “staff” is a collective noun referring to an entire department at once. So no “s.” Staff does not mean an individual person.
YES
The department has a busy staff.
NO
The company has busy staffs.

Staff could be used in a plural sense with “s” only when referring to two or more such groups: The two departments are expanding their staffs.

-This is American English-

 happy learning...

10 ulasan:

  1. Thank you for this very helpful information :)

    BalasPadam
  2. perkataan english memang agak mengelirukan..kalau tersalah guna boleh bawa maksud lain :)

    BalasPadam
  3. A'a kan..blia tngok cntoh2 yg di bagi tu baru trfikir.sush gak klu nak buat pnulisan bi ni.

    BalasPadam
  4. Best best!! Baru terperasan penggunaan yang lebih tepat

    BalasPadam
  5. Memang mengelirukan dengan bahasa english ni, Kadanng2x main bantai je janji faham. hahaha

    BalasPadam